Official Government Website

photo of a cow and calfThe IDL manages 1,127 grazing leases that cover 1,758,213 acres of endowment land located primarily across the southern two-thirds of Idaho. These leases contributed an estimated 258,315 animal unit months (AUM) of forage to livestock operations in FY19. In addition, IDL administers a portfolio of farming and conservation leases that total approximately 46,782 acres. Crops grown on endowment lands include alfalfa hay, barley, beans, corn, potatoes, safflower, wheat and organic crops. Portions of agricultural endowment lands are managed within the USDA Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). Conservation leases are also administered on state endowment trust land for recreation, big game, and wildlife habitat in conjunction with Wildlife Management Areas.

Grazing Program Business Plan

Final Grazing Program Business Plan – May 2015

Lease Opportunities

See what is available and when on our Grazing, Farming and Conservation Leasing page, as well as an interactive map.

Interactive Grazing Allotment Map

IDL has developed an interactive map tool showing the locations of known grazing allotments and land ownership in the State of Idaho. Read the instructions on using the application.

Lease Process (Flowcharts)

Expiring and Unleased Land Lease Application and Issuance Process

Live Auction Process

Grazing Rate Review

During the October 2021 Land Board meeting, the Land Board voted to not modify the grazing rate. The 1992 status quo formula is how the Department will determine the grazing rate until otherwise directed by the Land Board

Update (10/20/2020): During its regular meeting on October 20, 2020, the Land Board voted unanimously to direct the department “to coordinate with Land Board staff, gather and review pertinent information, engage with stakeholders, and conduct any other work necessary to recommend a grazing rate method to the Land Board no later than July 2021.” The new grazing rate proposal, along with background information, research and a public comment form are available on for public review on the IDL’s website. Comments will be accepted until 5 pm MT on Friday, September 3, 2021.

Update (1/21/2020): Per the August 21, 2018 Land Board Meeting, the non-fee grazing cost study has been initiated with the University of Wyoming. Results from that study are expected in April 2020 and will be reviewed by the Department and the Land Board at that time.

UPDATE (8/21/18): During its August 21, 2018, regular meeting, the Land Board discussed the Grazing Rate Methodology Review agenda item. One topic of discussion, related to the existing state grazing rate formula and alternatives previously presented by the Grazing Subcommittee, was clarity regarding non-fee costs potentially incurred by state grazing lessees on state endowment trust lands versus private land grazing leases. The Land Board voted 4-1 to continue using the current Status Quo formula until a comprehensive, up-to-date third-party study is completed on the subject of non-fee grazing costs incurred by lessees on federal public or state trust lands versus private lands.

UPDATE (12/22/17): On December 5, 2017 the State Board of Land Commissioners held a special meeting to discuss the grazing rate review and alternatives presented by the Grazing Subcommittee. During this meeting, the Land Board voted 5-0 to put off a decision on the grazing rate methodology to allow further consideration of information regarding the alternatives. Updates will be posted as the information becomes available.
12/5/2017 Land Board Memo

UPDATE (11/20/17): The Evaluation of Final Alternatives for Deriving Fair Market Grazing Value on Idaho State Endowment Trust Lands, by the University of Idaho Policy Analysis Group, is now available for download.

Supporting Documents:

Past Meetings:
Historical Review Meetings – Dec. 10-11, 2015
Policy Analysis Group Grazing Rate Review and History
Idaho State Lands Grazing Lease Rates: Formula 19

Alternative Development – Meeting #1 – Dec. 22, 2015
Alternative Development – Meeting #2 – Jan. 21, 2016
Alternative Development – Meeting #3 – Apr. 26, 2016

Grazing Rate Review Subcommittee Meeting – May 25, 2016

Additional Documents:
Grazing Rate Methodology Evaluation Criteria – All Alternatives
News Release: Idaho kicks off public process to review state grazing rate – 10/20/15
Land Board Memo: Grazing Rate Methodology Review – 10/20/15
Land Board Subcommittee Members, Advisory Group, Consultants – updated 5/25/16
Land Board Presentation, March 2014: Grazing Rate Review – Slides and accompanying handout


For questions specific to a location, or to obtain a lease application, contact one of the 10 Supervisory Areas

For statewide programmatic questions:

Jason Laney, Program Manager
(208) 334-0278

Josh Purkiss, Bureau Chief
(208) 334-0257

Forms and Documents

2023 Grazing Rate
2022 Grazing Rate
2021 Grazing Rate
2020 Grazing Rate

Affidavit of Loss

Make Payment Change of Address Notification

Learn more about AUMs

Life on the Range

Life on the Range is an educational project that showcases stories about the ever-changing landscape of ranching, multiple-use management, entrepreneurial spirit, family and stewardship on Idaho’s rangelands.

Visit Life on the Range for a fantastic series of videos showcasing the diversity of Idaho’s rangeland.

Sheep grazing on leased endowment land.
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